Upper Intestinal Tract

This is where digestion has been set up and continues methodically down the intestinal tract.

It begins with saliva as it is secreted in response to chewing, taste, visual and olfactory stimulation. It is partially mucoid, viscous and thick (to mix with food and lubricate swallowing), partially thin and watery (to alkalize mouth, inhibit bacteria and begin starch digestion).

Stomach secretions are also stimulated, muscle coats relaxed to ease swallowing and stomach filling, proteins for B12 carrying and absorption secreted. The bottom of the stomach secretes protein-digesting acid into a small volume of food, separated by constriction from undigested food above; acid is ejected into the duodenum of the small intestine.

Hormones secreted in the stomach and duodenum stimulate the pancreas and gall bladder to evacuate together into the food leaving the stomach, neutralize the acidity, make soap to emulsify fats, and inject enzymes for protein, fat and further carbohydrate digestion. If fats are still un-emulsified, the stomach is inhibited hormonally. Further enzymes and secretions are added by glands in the upper small intestine.

Deficient Symptoms require stimulation such as Bitters

Excess Symptoms require cooling such as astringents.

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